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Category: Canada 🇨🇦 (Page 1 of 8)

Cpl. Francis Pegahmagabow » The story of Canada’s most decorated Indigenous soldier

Mike Drolet / Global News »

Cpl. Francis Pegahmagabow, known as “Peggy,” is the most decorated Indigenous soldier in Canadian history and the deadliest sniper of World War One.

A hundred years ago, when Indigenous people weren’t allowed to volunteer to fight in the war, Canadian Forces began to suffer significant losses and only then was Pegahmagabow to enlist.

Over the next four years, he fought in the most horrific battles of the war, including Passchendaele, Somme and the second battle of Ypres when the Germans used chlorine gas.

“He won the military medal three times, and is one of 38 Canadians to ever do this and those are awarded by the Battalion Brigade Commander,” notes author and historian Timothy Winegard.

So how is it that Pegahmagabow’s exploits are not taught in Canadian history?

Prime Minister Trudeau’s November 1 speech at the COP26 climate summit

In his speech to world leaders at 2021 UN Climate Change Conference (COP26), Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said, “In Canada, there was a town called Litton. I say ‘was’ because on June 30th, it burned to the ground. The day before, the temperature had hit 49.6C, the hottest ever recorded. Canada is warming, on average, twice as quickly as the rest of the world.”

PM Trudeau committed Canada to immediately cap oil and gas emissions, and ensure they decreases at a pace and scale that ensures they reach net zero by 2050.

Canadians with mixed-dose COVID-19 vaccines eligible to enter U.S.

Canadian Press »

People who received doses of two or more different COVID-19 vaccines will be considered eligible to enter the United States next month, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

This will apply to Canadians crossing the land border, which reopens for non-essential travel Nov. 8. There are nearly four million Canadians who have received doses of two or more vaccines.

Also »

The new U.S. policy will will require foreign national travellers from 33 countries to be fully vaccinated against Covid-19 and show proof of a negative Covid-19 test taken within three days prior to boarding an airplane. The policy applies to both those travelling by plane and over land from Canada and Mexico. » NY Times / CBS News / NBC News

The US will soon lift travel restrictions at land borders with Canada and Mexico for fully vaccinated travellers

Starting in “early” November, nonessential travellers, such as those entering for tourism or to visit family members, will be required to show proof of Covid-19 vaccination to U.S. Customs and Border Protection officers when they cross land borders.

For the past 19 months, only “essential travel” had been allowed across the Canadian and Mexican land borders, but the same restrictions did not apply for air travellers.

Starting in January 2022, all travellers to the U.S. from Canada, including essential workers, will be required to be fully vaccinated.

Details are still to be worked out

As there is yet no standard vaccine passport in Canada, much work needs to be done on this file.

CBC » The U.S. land border is reopening, but Canadians with mixed vaccines are still in limbo

More » New York Times / Associated Press / NBC News

The discovery of insulin


At the beginning of the 20th century, a diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes was a death sentence. Starvation diets were employed to delay the life-threatening symptoms of diabetes, but patient death was inevitable.

Beginning on May 17, 1921, Frederick Banting and Charles Best, under the direction of J. J. R. Macleod, isolated what would later be known as insulin in a lab at the University of Toronto. Their extract was further purified and made safe for human injection by James Collip.

Thirteen-year-old Leonard Thompson was selected to receive their first human trial, the results of which would go on to save the lives of millions around the world.

More information about the Discovery of Insulin at the The Canadian Encyclopedia »

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